Flores is an island within present-day Indonesia that is separated from nearby Lombok by a permanent deep water strait. Evidence of hominins on Flores occurs as early as 1 million years ago, evidence that these ancient hominins rafted across these straits.
Gerrit van den Bergh and coworkers describe dental remains and a jaw from Mata Menge, 700,000 years ago.
Further study of the “hobbit” site shows that the stratigraphy was more complicated than assumed back in 2004, with skeletal remains much earlier than originally published.
I answer questions about whether the small hominin is a dwarfed descendant of Homo erectus or something else.