Neandertal populations existed in the western part of Eurasia between 500,000 and around 40,000 years ago. They are among the best known fossil relatives of humans, and DNA evidence shows that some Neandertals were among the ancestors of people today.
A new paper on biogeography of Neandertals and Denisovans raises ideas about the interactions of these groups.
Humans today live in visually rich environments, and it's increasingly clear that Neandertals shaped their visual environments also.
Analysis of dental cementum is yielding new insights into the ages when ancient people faced significant physiological stresses.
Research has started to show the ways that introgressed genes from Neandertals affect brain shape in living people.
Changes in the sky have been important to peoples throughout the world. That connection may go back much further than our species.
A 33,000-year-old case of an amputated leg prompts comparisons to earlier Neandertal instances of amputation.
Fragments representing people who lived just before Skhūl and Qafzeh seem outside the expectations for these “early modern humans” or for Neandertals.
Looking at a fascinating new study that finds mixtures of different plants within ancient morsels of charred foods.
In the Gran Dolina cave site, ancient people left a bone bed of bison killed in two seasons and butchered at the site with expedient tools.
With deep experience in the hunt, Neandertals could anticipate the behavior of many of the most dangerous prey animals.