|Title||Early evidence of the genus Homo in East Asia.|
|Publication Type||Journal Article|
|Year of Publication||2008|
|Authors||Zhu, RX, Potts, R, Pan, YX, Yao, HT, Lü, LQ, Zhao, X, Gao, X, Chen, LW, Gao, F, Deng, CL|
|Journal||J Hum Evol|
|Date Published||2008 Dec|
|Keywords||china, Early Pleistocene, Homo erectus, Lower Paleolithic, migration, Nihewan Basin, oldowan|
The timing and route of the earliest dispersal from Africa to Eastern Asia are contentious topics in the study of early human evolution because Asian hominin fossil sites with precise age constraints are very limited. Here we report new high-resolution magnetostratigraphic results that place stringent age controls on excavated hominin incisors and stone tools from the Yuanmou Basin, southwest China. The hominin-bearing layer resides in a reverse polarity magnetozone just above the upper boundary of the Olduvai subchron, yielding an estimated age of 1.7Ma. The finding represents the age of the earliest documented presence of Homo, with affinities to Homo erectus, in mainland East Asia. This age estimate is roughly the same as for H. erectus in island Southeast Asia and immediately prior to the oldest archaeological evidence in northeast Asia. Mammalian fauna and pollen obtained directly from the hominin site indicate that the Yuanmou hominins lived in a varied habitat of open vegetation with patches of bushland and forest on an alluvial fan close to a lake or swamp. The age and location are consistent with a rapid southern migration route of initial hominin populations into Eastern Asia.
|Alternate Journal||J. Hum. Evol.|
Early evidence of the genus Homo in East Asia.
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