|Title||Two faces of Earnest A. Hooton.|
|Publication Type||Journal Article|
|Year of Publication||2012|
|Journal||Am J Phys Anthropol|
|Volume||149 Suppl 55|
|Keywords||Earnest A. Hooton, history of anthropology|
The American Anthropological Association's multimedia project, "Race: Are We So Different?" alleges that Earnest A. Hooton (1887-1954) of Harvard University was a racist eugenicist who "perhaps more than any other scientist of his time… did more to establish racial stereotypes…" and infers racism from his having sat on a National Research Council Committee on the Negro in the 1920s. I take issue with this perspective to argue against Hooton as a racist by exploring Hooton's relationship with African American students, particularly Caroline Bond Day, and with the National Association for the Advancement of Colored People when it awarded a medal to Charles R. Drew, M.D. In the heyday of eugenics, Hooton was an atypical eugenicist in espousing a resolutely nonracial view of the woes of humankind perpetuated by what he considered the biologically unfit. As eugenics and Nazism became conflated in the late 1930s, Hooton hewed to a path that was more antiracist than many of his anthropological colleagues and publicly disputed Nazi racial ideology. Am J Phys Anthropol 2012. © 2012 Wiley Periodicals, Inc.
|Alternate Journal||Am. J. Phys. Anthropol.|
Two faces of Earnest A. Hooton.
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