|Title||Neanderthal medics? Evidence for food, cooking, and medicinal plants entrapped in dental calculus|
|Publication Type||Journal Article|
|Year of Publication||2012|
|Authors||Hardy, K, Buckley, S, Collins, MJ, Estalrrich, A, Brothwell, D, Copeland, L, García-Tabernero, A, García-Vargas, S, Rasilla, M, Lalueza-Fox, C, Huguet, R, Bastir, M, Santamaría, D, Madella, M, Wilson, J, Cortés, ÁF, Rosas, A|
|Keywords||cooking, diet, fire, Neandertals, plants|
Neanderthals disappeared sometime between 30,000 and 24,000 years ago. Until recently, Neanderthals were understood to have been predominantly meat-eaters; however, a growing body of evidence suggests their diet also included plants. We present the results of a study, in which sequential thermal desorption-gas chromatography-mass spectrometry (TD-GC-MS) and pyrolysis-gas chromatography-mass spectrometry (Py-GC-MS) were combined with morphological analysis of plant microfossils, to identify material entrapped in dental calculus from five Neanderthal individuals from the north Spanish site of El Sidrón. Our results provide the first molecular evidence for inhalation of wood-fire smoke and bitumen or oil shale and ingestion of a range of cooked plant foods. We also offer the first evidence for the use of medicinal plants by a Neanderthal individual. The varied use of plants that we have identified suggests that the Neanderthal occupants of El Sidrón had a sophisticated knowledge of their natural surroundings which included the ability to select and use certain plants.
Neanderthal medics? Evidence for food, cooking, and medicinal plants entrapped in dental calculus
For years, I've worked on their bones. Now I'm working on their genes. Read more about the science studying these ancient people.
From a finger bone of an ancient human came the record of a completely unexpected population. My lab is working on the science of the Denisova genome.
The advent of agriculture caused natural selection to speed up greatly in humans. We're uncovering some of the ways that populations have rapidly changed during the last 10,000 years.