|Title||The Nubian Complex of Dhofar, Oman: An African Middle Stone Age Industry in Southern Arabia|
|Publication Type||Journal Article|
|Year of Publication||2011|
|Authors||Rose, JI, Usik, VI, Marks, AE, Hilbert, YH, Galletti, CS, Parton, A, Geiling, JM, Černý, V, Morley, MW, Roberts, RG|
|Keywords||africa, arabia, egypt, Late Pleistocene, Middle Stone Age, nubia, OIS 5, out-of-Africa|
Despite the numerous studies proposing early human population expansions from Africa into Arabia during the Late Pleistocene, no archaeological sites have yet been discovered in Arabia that resemble a specific African industry, which would indicate demographic exchange across the Red Sea. Here we report the discovery of a buried site and more than 100 new surface scatters in the Dhofar region of Oman belonging to a regionally-specific African lithic industry - the late Nubian Complex - known previously only from the northeast and Horn of Africa during Marine Isotope Stage 5, ~128,000 to 74,000 years ago. Two optically stimulated luminescence age estimates from the open-air site of Aybut Al Auwal in Oman place the Arabian Nubian Complex at ~106,000 years ago, providing archaeological evidence for the presence of a distinct northeast African Middle Stone Age technocomplex in southern Arabia sometime in the first half of Marine Isotope Stage 5.
The Nubian Complex of Dhofar, Oman: An African Middle Stone Age Industry in Southern Arabia
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