|Title||A 100,000-Year-Old Ochre-Processing Workshop at Blombos Cave, South Africa|
|Publication Type||Journal Article|
|Year of Publication||2011|
|Authors||Henshilwood, CS, d'Errico , F, van Niekerk, KL, Coquinot, Y, Jacobs, Z, Lauritzen, S-E, Menu, M, Garcia-Moreno, R|
|Pagination||219 - 222|
|Keywords||art, Blombos, MSA, South Africa|
The conceptual ability to source, combine, and store substances that enhance technology or social practices represents a benchmark in the evolution of complex human cognition. Excavations in 2008 at Blombos Cave, South Africa, revealed a processing workshop where a liquefied ochre-rich mixture was produced and stored in two Haliotis midae (abalone) shells 100,000 years ago. Ochre, bone, charcoal, grindstones, and hammerstones form a composite part of this production toolkit. The application of the mixture is unknown, but possibilities include decoration and skin protection.
A 100,000-Year-Old Ochre-Processing Workshop at Blombos Cave, South Africa
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