|Title||Examining the Diversity of Prosocial Behavior: Helping, Sharing, and Comforting in Infancy|
|Publication Type||Journal Article|
|Year of Publication||2010|
|Authors||Dunfield, K, Kuhlmeier, VA, O'Connell, L, Kelley, E|
|Keywords||2011-03-20, children, cooperation, development, prosocial, social dynamics|
Prosocial behaviors are a diverse group of actions that are integral to human social life. In this study, we examined the ability of 18- and 24-month-old infants to engage in three types of other-oriented behaviors, specifically helping, sharing, and comforting. Infants in both age groups engaged in more prosocial behavior on trials in which an unfamiliar adult experimenter required aid (experimental conditions) than on those in which she did not (control conditions) across two of the three prosocial tasks (i.e., helping and sharing). The infants engaged in these behaviors with similar frequency; however, there was no correlation between the tasks. The implications for the construct of prosocial behavior and the presence of a prosocial disposition are discussed.
Examining the Diversity of Prosocial Behavior: Helping, Sharing, and Comforting in Infancy
For years, I've worked on their bones. Now I'm working on their genes. Read more about the science studying these ancient people.
From a finger bone of an ancient human came the record of a completely unexpected population. My lab is working on the science of the Denisova genome.
The advent of agriculture caused natural selection to speed up greatly in humans. We're uncovering some of the ways that populations have rapidly changed during the last 10,000 years.